Geothermal Heat Loop Systems
PostPosted:Mon Mar 27, 2006 2:27 pm
Living in the northern portion of the country (USA) we have some limitattions as far as utilizing geothermal energy. I like the concept of using heat from the ground to help heat my home during the frigid winter months. I propose using an "A" frame style type of green house building. This unit could be filled with black PVC hose. The type that comes in say 300' rolls of one inch I.D. or thereabouts. The lines from the Heat pump unit could be connected to this line and then during the day the sunlight would warm the fluid in this PVC Loop and then be used with the heat pump to heat the home during daylight hours. This would at least cut the heating bill and fossil fuel useage by a large percentage. The PVC Loop could be connected to the lines where they come out of the trench where other lines are buried. What's your take on this idea?
PostPosted:Wed Jul 12, 2006 6:02 am
The problem in such a scheme is to design for the total thermal mass involved added to the dynamic heat loss from the house. Though a good absorber of IR, black pvc pipe is a thermal insulator and will not heat the water inside it easily.
Depending on the latitude, the angle of the sun will be low in the winter months and can be easily blocked by even low buildings or trees around except for a short time in the middle of the day.
The pipe assembly should be oriented nearly normal to the rays of the sun, which will have an impact on the design of the green house itself. Since the pipe panel will not track the sun one can expect only about 40% average collector efficiency over the peak efficiency obtained with the sun perpendicular to the panel.
Please look at the following options:
1. A 10 foot x 10 foot pvc pipe panel will hold about 30 gallons of water. Assuming that this much will be heated through about 55 deg F (30 Deg C), which is feasible, you will get about 3.5 KWhr energy.
2. A passive wall of dark coloured or matte black painted boulders (100 numbers one foot dia, about 110 lbs weight each, arranged to form a 10 foot x 10 foot collector) housed inside a green house (this requires some design to optimise solar interception) will collect about five KWHr of energy in a day. A fan ciculates air drawn from the house around the stones to pick up the warmth. A thermostat can regulate the operation.
3. The best will be a 10 foot x 10 foot solatr collector attached to a 200 gallon water tank to store the heat. This can collect as much as 8 KWHr/ day. In India such a collector will cost about US$2000. Associated pumps etc may cost another US$1000. You can expect to save 250 KWhr/month.
Alternative energy is free. Collection is expensive.